Quickly Extract Files with PowerShell

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Quickly Extract Files with PowerShell


This is just a quick post to share a very simple PowerShell script I wrote to extract files from a compressed file (zip, 7z, whatever). When downloading utilities that don’t have installers, like Sysinternals tools, I typically extract them to a Utils directory that is in my PATH. Previously, I would always do this by right-clicking, choosing the 7-Zip context menu option and then extracting to to c:\Utils. Another common option would be to extract to a folder of the same name.

7-Zip Extracting Files

I had tried in the past to use the 7-Zip command line tool, but the arguments were not very intuitive or consistent with other command line tools (Windows, Unix, PowerShell or otherwise). So, I got fed up and wrote a script to do it for me. It just shells out to the 7-Zip command line app, but it saves me some time.

The script assumes that you’ve aliased ‘zip’ to the 7z.exe command line executable.

[1] > ls alias:zip

CommandType     Name       Definition
-----------     ----       ----------
Alias           zip        7z

[2] > get-command 7z

CommandType     Name       Definition
-----------     ----       ----------
Application     7z.exe     C:\Utils\7z.exe

Here’s the script:

param (
    [string]$outputDir = ''

if (-not (Test-Path $file)) {
    $file = Resolve-Path $file

if ($outputDir -eq '') {
    $outputDir = [System.IO.Path]::GetFileNameWithoutExtension($file)

zip e "-o$outputDir" $file

Like I said, pretty basic. If you don’t specify an output directory, it uses the name of the file.

Other people have written scripts that do this, too, but I needed an excuse to publish something on my blog for March :-)